Coenzyme Q10 (also known as ubiqinone) is a vitamin like substance which acts in conjunction with enzymes (hence the name coenzyme Q10) to convert sugars and fat into energy. Coenzyme quinones occur in several chemical forms, with coenzyme Q10 being the only form found in human tissues. The human body is able to synthesize (in the liver) a limited amount of coenzyme Q10, with the remainder being obtained from the diet.
Under normal circumstances, the body is able to maintain adequate levels of coenzyme Q10. However, coenzyme Q10 levels decrease with age, and are depleted by intense physical exercise or illness. In addition, coenzyme Q10 and cholesterol are produced by the same biochemical pathway, so agents that block cholesterol production also block coenzyme Q10 formation.
Coenzyme Q10 is an essential cofactor of enzymes involved in cellular energy production. Coenzyme Q10 is stored in mitochondria, structures found within cells responsible for the generation of energy (in the form of a molecule called ATP). Tissues with a high-energy requirement (heart, liver, skeletal muscles) contain higher numbers of mitochondria within their cells.
Each capsule of Pharma-Nord Bio-Quinone Q10 contains coenzyme Q10 in a highly absorbable form, using a patented soybean oil based delivery system. It is best documented in terms of bioavailability in human subjects, and is the reference standard for the International Coenzyme Q10 association.